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Use of the ShangRing circumcision device in boys below 18 years old in Kenya: results from a pilot study

Quentin D. Awori, Richard K. Lee, Phillip S. Li, Jared N. Moguche, Dan Ouma, Betsy Sambai, Marc Goldstein, Mark A. Barone


Introduction: Male circumcision is a proven prevention strategy against the spread of HIV. The World Health Organization’s new 2016–2021 strategic framework on voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) targets 90% of males aged 10–29 years to receive circumcision by 2021 in 14 priority sub-Saharan countries while anticipating an increase in the demand for infant circumcision. It also states that the use of circumcision devices is a safe and efficient innovation to accelerate attainment of these goals. The primary objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the safety and acceptability of the ShangRing, a novel circumcision device, in boys below 18 years of age.

Methods: A total of 80 boys, 3 months to 17 years old, were circumcised using the no-flip ShangRing technique. All rings were removed 5–7 days later. Participants were evaluated weekly until the wound was completely healed. Data on procedure times, adverse events (AEs), time to clinical wound healing and satisfaction were recorded and analysed.

Results: Nearly all (79/80, 98.8%) circumcisions were successfully completed using the no-flip ShangRing technique without complications. In one (1.2%) case, the outer ring slipped off after the foreskin was removed and the procedure was completed by stitching. The mean circumcision and ring removal times were 7.4 ± 3.2 and 4.4 ± 4.2 min, respectively. There were four (5%) moderate AEs, which were managed conservatively. No severe AEs occurred. The mean time to complete clinical healing was 29.8 ± 7.3 days. Participants or their parents liked ShangRing circumcision because it improved hygiene, was quick and possessed an excellent cosmetic appearance. Most (72/80, 94.7%) were very satisfied with the appearance of the circumcised penis, and all (100%) said they would recommend circumcision to others.

Conclusions: Our results suggest that no-flip ShangRing VMMC is safe and acceptable in boys below 18 years of age. Our results are to be compared those seen following ShangRing VMMC in African men. Further study with larger sample sizes are needed to explore the scalability of the ShangRing in larger paediatric cohorts in Africa. We believe that the ShangRing has great potential for use in all age groups from neonates to adults, which would simplify device implementation.

Keywords Male circumcision; ShangRing; circumcision device; adolescents; infants

(Published: 12 July 2017)

Awori QD et al. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2017, 20:21588 |

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Journal of the International AIDS Society | eISSN 1758-2652 | Editors-in-Chief: Susan Kippax and Kenneth Mayer

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