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HIV case reporting in the countries of North Africa and the Middle East

Ivana Bozicevic, Gabriele Riedner, AliAkbar Haghdoost

Abstract


The aim of the paper is to provide an overview of HIV case reporting data for the year 2011 from the countries of the World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region (WHO EMR).

Fourteen countries provided data for the year 2011 and reported a total of 4263 HIV cases of which 66.8% were men. The highest number of reported HIV cases in men per 100,000 population was in Oman (5.8), Somalia (5.5) and Iran (3.3), while in women in Somalia (7.6), Oman (3.9) and Morocco (2.4).

In the majority of the countries, the most common reported mode of transmission was heterosexual. This could be due to under-reporting of male-to-male transmission and more frequent testing of men than women.

Keywords: HIV; case reporting; HIV-related deaths; CD4 counts; surveillance; modes of transmission.

(Published: 19 May 2014)

Citation: Bozicevic I et al. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2014, 17:18962

http://www.jiasociety.org/index.php/jias/article/view/18962 | http://dx.doi.org/10.7448/IAS.17.1.18962




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